Новостная лента
30 Января 2012 года

Recommendations of the International Conference to Protect Journalists in dangerous situations

International Conference to Protect Journalists

We, representatives of media, human rights and freedom of expression groups and international, regional and national organizations of journalists meeting at the International Conference to protect Journalists held in Doha, Qatar on 22-23 January 2012, organized by the Qatari National Committee for Human Rights (QNCHR)

Recalling all recommendations, covenants, declarations and resolutions

promulgated or endorsed by international organizations such as the UN and

the Geneva Conventions

Noting all the global initiatives put forth by international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) concerned with the protection of journalists

Recognizing the importance of media in increasing awareness of the

violations of international humanitarian law and human rights

Believing that media has a responsibility to help put an end to impunity

by systematically publicizing crimes against journalists, investigating when necessary all violations and ensuring that perpetrators as well as failure of government to act are exposed

Calling on all organizations representing journalists and NGOs concerned

with the safety of journalists to work together in the broadest campaign to ensure great safety of journalists and bring an end to impunity

Following the review of the conference of the current status of the media

in dangerous situations and referring to protective measures provided by

international law, discussing the idea of a draft convention for the protection of journalists in conflict zones and other dangerous situations

DECLARE

- that although the United Nations and its agencies have a wide range of tools and instruments which can address the issue of safety, scores of

journalists and media workers continue to be killed every year while carrying out their professional responsibilities. Many of such abuses are not investigated and remain unpunished.

- that renewed and urgent action is necessary to press for robust implementation to the existing mechanisms and procedures by increasing the

effectiveness of monitoring and enforcement of the current instruments

This Conference therefore recommends:

- To the United Nations and its agencies

1. Implement forthwith their latest plan of action agreed at their Paris Autumn conference and enhance their working with specialized

non-governmental organizations dedicated to the safety of journalists and

media worker

2. Develop new tools to bind all States to acknowledge and accept a standing obligation to provide particular safeguards and protection for journalists beyond the provisions of UN Security Council resolution reminding States of their obligations to give journalists protection as civilians in situations of conflict

3. Adopt ambitious reforms to its mechanisms and procedures such as

through regional security organizations, expanding the mandates of Special

Rapporteurs and concerned UN bodies, organizing emergency alerts and

missions, considering intrusive inspections and mandatory sanctions –

developing or renewing existing systems, developing further monitoring and

peer review processes and work towards an ultimate goal setting up an

international treaty so that countries can collectively adopt a set of radical new measures to afford credible protection to journalists

4. Expand the current legal provisions beyond the obligation to protect journalists against attacks on thier life, and include forced disappearances and kidnapping (by state or private actors), arbitrary arrest, intimidation, deportation/refusal of entry, confiscation/damage to property and new forms of violence experienced by journalists during the 2011 Arab Spring, and further develop Human Rights Council resolutions S-2/1 and S-9/1 concerning the attacks on media installations and allowing access as well as safe media corridors in conflict zones

5. Asking the Human Rights Council to appoint a special rapporteur on

the protection of journalists, requesting the High Commissionner for Human

Rights (HCHR) to create a unit to follow up media cases.

- To governments

1. Respect the letter and spirit of all international instruments they signed up to, of the binding and non-binding resolutions, covenants and declarations of the United Nations

2. Include an assessment of other country's record when granting aid and other development assistance. International development institutions,

surch as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, should also

scrutinize a country's record on violence journalists when assessing the

granting of aid and other assistance

3. Strengthen national laws including criminal laws and overhaul justice system to end impunity and to provide judicial and legislative assistance to prevent serious violations of international humanitarian laws including the targeting of journalists

4. Agree that families of killed journalists have a right to compensation directly or through media institutions and establish a solidarity fund for the victims.

- To news organizations

1. Acknowledge their duty of care for all their journalists, in particular news gatherers, staff or freelance and their responsibility to provide hostile environment safety training and equipment whether at time of conflict or not

2. Arrange trauma counseling through specialized organizations such as

the Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma

3. Negotiate at all time with journalists' representatives all issues of safety in news coverage, including safety protocols, medical care, life insurance, equality to provide those social guarantees to all, including freelancers

4. Increase awareness and knowledge of legal international agreements

and conventions as well as regional ones

5. Include awareness of all aspects of the region under coverage in

any training

6. Include special training for women in view of the attacks such as

sexual harassment and the spate of other violent attacks directly targeted

at women

- To Journalists

1. Develop a culture to being responsible for their own safety and

seek out training before traveling to conflict zones

2. Develop a culture of solidarity, in particular a duty of care

towards each other

3. Be ready at all time to help record any incidents of attacks to provide evidence to cases of violence

4. Develop an understanding of how military works and be ready how to

handle them.

FOLLOW-UP TO THESE RECOMMENDATIONS

As a first step, the participants to the Doha conference agree to:

1. Place the issue of the safety and protection of journalists whenever possible on the agenda of international and regional institutions and conferences

2. Work towards a new meeting to be attend by all stakeholders including governments to further discuss and develop the current recommendations after one year

3. Agree to disseminate the current recommendations and to organize

press conferences to publicize them

4. Call upon the Qatarai NCHR to create a working group involving all

stakeholders to follow up the adopted recommendations.

Doha, 23.01.2012

Все новости

ФЗГ продолжает бороться за свое честное имя. Пройдя все необходимые инстанции отечественного правосудия, Фонд обратился в Европейский суд. Для обращения понадобилось вкратце оценить все, что Фонд сделал за 25 лет своего существования. Вот что у нас получилось:
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